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Ageing, Policies and Inequalities


Thu 27. 8.  16:00 - 17:30
room FA 203

Ageing processes in cross-national comparative perspective. Experiences from Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, France, Poland and Spain.


Czarnecki, Lukasz; Montes de Oca, Verónica
National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico

The aim of the paper is to analyze ageing processes in Latin American and the European countries taking into account: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, France, Poland and Spain. Those six countries from two regions present political, socio-demographic and economic differences on ageing process. Ageing in Latin America and Europe will be analyzed from theoretical, epistemological and ontological perspectives. A particular emphasis will be made on the differences in ageing processes. In Europe socio-demographic changes occurred slower than in Latin American and the Caribbean countries, where socio-demographic transformations occurred rapidly during the last three decades. There are differences in magnitude and velocity in population ageing. The most developed countries have historical and political experience, which may be useful for developing countries. Another difference is grounded in long-term patterns of persistent of multidimensional inequalities and poverty in Latin American and the Caribbean countries in terms of social classes, health services, access to education, races, ethnic groups, gender, and power relations, among others. Meantime Europe is considered as the region with the most developed policy with regard to ageing population. However, there are also similarities with Latin American countries in terms of exclusion of the elderly population from social and economic development. The cross-national comparison of six countries will be based on national survey and census data to analyze socio-economic characteristics of the older population. Moreover, the comparison of two regions will permit a development of new strategies for public policies.