Kapelyuk, Sergey (1,2)
1: Novosibirsk State University, Russian Federation; 2: Siberian University of Consumer Cooperation, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
There is strong evidence of substantial gender inequality in market work and housework in Russia. The gender differences in Russia are well-studied. However, the previous studies cover relatively short period. For this reason, it is difficult to reveal the long-term trends. In addition, the majority of studies use data from the 1990s and the beginning of 2000s. This study offers recent evidence on gender differences and tries to explain their trends. The main source of data is the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE). This survey is a nationally representative panel household survey conducted every year. The present study uses rounds 5 to 22 covering the years 1994 to 2013. To estimate the gender wage gap, the study uses Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition with separate estimation of the Mincer-type wage equation for females and males. I take into account sample selection bias and use Heckman procedure. I also explore gender differences in different parts of the wage distribution using quantile regression. I calculate that adjusted female-male ratio was about 0.85 in 1990s than it declined to 0.80 in 2000s. In 2009 after the crisis, it increased to 0.85 but then it again declined to 0.80–0.81 in 2011–2013. I also investigate the determinants of hours dedicated to housework by married individuals using fixed effects methodology. I reveal a slight decline of the average number of hours of housework in 2000s both for women and men, but the gender differences remain very large. I estimate the determinants of the gender differences in housework using a probit model.