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Care in Changing Societies


Wed 26. 8.  16:00 - 17:30
room FA 204

Social documentation in Swedish residential care for elderly with dementia: Social representations of “best practice”


Sjölund, Maria
Midsweden University, Sweden

Social documentation is one important aim in Swedish eldercare. An individual implementation plan corresponds to an agreement between the care recipient and the care staff. The implementation plan describes how care is to be provided for each care recipient. In residential care for elders with dementia, individual plans are of significance to assure the elderly’s needs. It is though a great challenge for the care staff to write social documentation. A sample of 31 ‘individual implementation plans’ were selected and analysed textually. The plans were recorded, as “best practices” according to care supervisors. The sample consisted of individual plans from 24 women and 7 men, living in the same municipality but in several different units. Analytical focus for the study were; what is in main focus in the individual implementation plans?; What images of social care emerges in the individual implementation plans?; What strategies were found in the sample of implementation plans to involve the care recipient and his or her family? The analysis reveals that in none of the implementation plans, one can tell if the care recipient was present or asked to be present to take part in the meeting that resulted in the implementation plan. The study further reveals that there were few implementation plans that included detailed descriptions of individual meaningfulness or social care. The social representations of residential care recipients and individual meaningfulness in the social documentation are further described and discussed in this paper.