University of Hamburg, Germany
This article focuses on studying the Quality of Life (QoL) of elderly through a vision of family life. Main research question are how do Household related determinants impact on Senior’s Quality of Life in Germany, UK and Denmark? And how is it possible to explain the differences between countries, genders, age groups and types of Household on the basis of Household related QoL of older people? In this paper, relative data will be used to analyze and measure the influence from marital status, adult children, housework and informal family care of older people. Theoretical framework I defined quality of life as “a multiple evaluation of individual perception, psychological and emotional happiness and objective living standard in the senior’s family life, social life and institutional context” in this paper. Three hypotheses will be included. The first hypothesis (H1) is that household economic status, household size, marital status, relationship with adult children and other relatives play significant roles in affecting the QoL of elderly. Then the second hypothesis (H2) is that after getting old, housework brings more negative impact on QoL of elderly as age grows. The third hypothesis (H3) is Compare with male, QoL of female senior is easier to be influenced by household determinants and have lower happiness and life satisfaction. Methodological approach As a quantitative research, three times “European Quality of Life Survey” (EQLS) in 2003, 2007 and 2011 form the main database of this paper. Data analysis explains the differences between gender and types of household in three European countries. Logistic regression and comparative analysis will be used in the data analysis to get an effective result to support the hypotheses. This study base on the former European Quality of Life Surveys and dedicate in a further research on quality of life of elderly through out the European countries, present and discuss the way of solution to improve the QoL of elderly in a vision of family life.