Deindl, Christian (1); Brandt, Martina (2)
1: University of Cologne, Germany; 2: TU Dortmund, Germany
Family members help each other in case of need but also due to love and concern for each other. We know that most exchange happens between parents and their adult children and functional solidarity is a crucial dimension of intergenerational relations. We also know that the family often has an insurance function. Until now, however, little attendance is given to exchange patterns within deprived families in different welfare states. We thus assess how transfers between older parents and their adult children are linked to social inclusion across Europe; i.e. do socially excluded give less and receive more money and practical help from their relatives, and do different policy regimes play a role in this? Using the new social inclusion items from the fifth wave of SHARE we focus the effects of deprivation on exchange patterns between older parents and their adult children in a cross-sectional analysis. We distinguish between different kinds and flows of assistance (financial, time, given and received), and consider the possible impacts of different welfare state arrangements on the links between solidarity and inclusion. Multilevel models indicate that less socially included respondents more indeed give less and get more money and help from their adult children all over Europe and thus indeed need seems to play an important role. Moreover, different social policies matter: In countries with higher social inequality and more deprivation not only fewer transfers of time and money are given to but also less is received from adult children.