Meda, Stefania Giada; Bramanti, Donatella
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano, Italy
In Europe the aging population is a major and irreversible phenomenon and a growing attention should be devoted to the conditions under which this transition occurs. This work explodes the concept of active aging and aims to understand whether and to what extent being active in later life in one or more life domains is associated with well-being (anzianiinrete.wordpress.com). In particular, what life strategies individuals who report higher levels of well-being and satisfaction do put in place? In what areas are older adults more engaged and what modus vivendi brings about greater satisfaction and well-being? What factors are likely to determine the most satisfactory modus vivendi? Through synthetic indexes, cluster analysis (SPAD software) and logistic regressions (Maximum Likelihood Estimation method) on a stratified and randomized sample, representative of the Italian population of people aged 65-74 years (N=900), we were able to show gender differences: elder men report higher levels of satisfaction and wellbeing in health and physical activity, while women are potentially more fragile. Elder women tend to define their well-being in terms of caretaking relations, while men invest more on their individuality. We were also able to outline different modus vivendi, from individualistic withdrawal (no activity) to selective engagement (activity only on some life domains) to social generativity (activity on all life domains), whose main predictor is cultural activity. What emerges is of primary importance for those who now deal with ageing, both to understand the peculiarities of this population and redefine effective social policies.