Rojo-Perez, Fermina (1); Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Vicente (1); Fernández-Mayoralas, Gloria (1); Rojo-Abuin, Jose-Manuel (2)
1: Research Group on Ageing. Institute of Economics, Geography and Demography; Spanish National Research Council (IEGD; CSIC). Madrid, Spain.; 2: Statistical Analysis Unit; Centre for Human and Social Sciences; Spanish National Research Council (UAE; CCHS; CSIC), Madrid, Spain
*Background*. From the perspective of an active behaviour at individual and ageing contexts, this paper aims at assessing the profile of older-adults related to their involvement in social and community participation activities, which can promote an active ageing to enhance quality of life, and associated factors. *Data and methods*. Data come from the Ageing in Spain Longitudinal Study, Pilot Survey (ELES-PS), a representative sample of 1,357 weighted community-dwelling people aged 50+ years in Spain. Clusters of homogeneous groups of individuals with similar patterns of social and community participation activities comprised the response variable. Socio-demographic, personal and contextual data were the independent variables. Bivariate and multivariate analyses (factor, cluster and categorical regression with optimal scaling) were run. *Results*. The active ageing profile resulted in a model composed by four groups of older-adults, a main group with low overall level of performing activities and three differentiated clusters of more active people. Categorical regression explained an R2=0.157 through eight factors (p-value≤0.05) related to socio-demographic and social features (activity status, educational level, face-to-face contact with friends), functional ability and accessibility to cultural, sport and recreational facilities. Satisfaction with leisure time and perception of problems in the neighbourhood completed the model. *Conclusions*. This is a suitable starting point to knowledge the current active behaviour of older-adults. Nevertheless, as it is originated throughout the life-course, research on active ageing must be taken as a multidimensional phenomenon to obtain a greater proportion of variance explained and from a longitudinal approach to find out the causal determining factors.